The Indian Constitution has a total of 448 articles, divided into 22 parts and 12 schedules.
Indian Constitution guarantees the fundamental rights of citizens, which are considered to be essential for the protection of individual liberties, the promotion of a just and egalitarian society and the functioning of a democratic state.
Some of the key articles include:
- Article 14: Equality before the law and prohibition of discrimination on grounds of religion, race, caste, sex or place of birth
- Article 15: Prohibition of discrimination on grounds of religion, race, caste, sex, place of birth or any of them
- Article 16: Equality of opportunity in matters of public employment
- Article 19: Protection of certain rights regarding freedom of speech, etc.
- Article 21: Protection of life and personal liberty
- Article 22: Protection against arrest and detention in certain cases
- Article 23: Prohibition of traffic in human beings and forced labour
- Article 24: Prohibition of employment of children in factories, etc.
- Article 25: Freedom of conscience and free profession, practice and propagation of religion
- Article 32: Remedies for enforcement of rights conferred by this Part
These articles are considered important because they form the foundation of the Indian Constitution and provide a framework for the protection of the rights and freedoms of citizens in India and are known as the Fundamental Rights.
The fundamental rights are not absolute and can be restricted or limited in the interest of public order, morality, and the general welfare of the people. These rights are also justiciable, meaning that they can be enforced through the courts. The judiciary plays an important role in protecting the fundamental rights of citizens and ensuring that the state does not infringe upon them.
In short, Part III of the Indian Constitution contains the fundamental rights of citizens, which include the right to equality, freedom of speech and expression, the right to life and personal liberty, the right to education, and many more. These rights are considered essential for the protection of individual freedoms and for ensuring a just and fair society. They are also legally enforceable and can be challenged in court if violated. Additionally, Part III also contains provisions for the protection of minority rights and the rights of tribal groups, which is important for ensuring that all citizens are treated fairly and with dignity. Overall, Part III plays a crucial role in protecting the rights and freedoms of individuals and in promoting a just and inclusive society in India.